What we have here is a toolkit that allows us to create different experiences with water and food. There is no wrong or right, but some curiosity and experiments will enrich your epicurean delights.
Different considerations apply if water is consumed alongside wine: The water now plays a secondary role and needs to be matched with the wine, not the food. This is very important as you don't want water and wine competing with each other for attention.
There is no wrong or right as you can drink any water with your food, but as you'll see if you start pairing, some waters just work better than others. When we talk about pairing, we talk about two different things: matching and contrasting.